Measurement, Time, Data, and Geometry
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TouchMath First Grade CCSS Unit 4 develops concepts in measurement, time, data, 2-D and 3-D shapes, and fractions within geometric shapes. Built on Common Core State Standards, each unique experience in this unit is presented in a true multisensory format –– using manipulatives and then pictorial drawings. These step-by-step lessons provide a strategic roadmap and ensure that children of all abilities and learning styles are successful and prepared for second grade.
Click the worksheet image to download free sample pages! One page per module is included for you to test in your classroom. NOTE: To preserve workspace for young learners and non-readers, and to provide lesson expansion opportunities, the page directions are included in the Instructional Strategies within each Module Guide.
This Unit includes:
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- 150 student activity pages
- Implementation guide
- Six module guides complete with strategies and answer keys
- Pre-and Posttests for each module
- Three unique sets of FlipCards
- Measuring Objects Using Objects
- Defining Geometric Shapes 2-D and 3-D
- Fractions in Geometric Shapes Halves through Sixths
- Access to digital content with TouchMath Green Editions
Module 1: Measuring Lengths of Objects
All activities in this module are designed to be completed by pairs of students. As students learn to measure with same-size units placed end-to-end with no gaps or overlaps, the activities begin using large paper clips to measure lengths of lines. After measuring, students compare the line lengths using long, longer, and longest. Students transfer measuring line lengths to measuring lengths of pictorial objects. Measuring “units” are included on the FlipCards Measuring Objects Using Objects which should be cut out and used to measure the pictorial objects on the activity pages. All of the activities are designed to complement actual hands-on measurement of concrete objects. When students finish this module, they will have had many experiences that build understanding of ordering objects by length and expressing the lengths of objects as whole number of length units.
Module 2: Telling Time
In this module, the concept of time is introduced in a fun and engaging way that is relatable to first graders. Analog clocks are presented to show a 12-hour day with the hour and minute hands presented for tracing on the pages. The learning is scaffolded to correlate analog and digital clocks, while the content is scaffolded from hour to five-minute intervals. Skip counting by fives is presented to transfer to the intervals on the clocks and additional visual cues in the form of stars are included on the five-minute intervals. Students progress to mastery of telling time to the hour and the half hour with foundational work in greater detail within five minutes.
Module 3: Representing Data
The activities in this module cover organizing, representing, interpreting, and comparing data. The skills in this module are scaffolded with increasing number of categories and data points, and the activities are presented in both horizontal and vertical formats. Students begin with coloring, cutting, sorting, and pasting pictures into graphs on the page, eventually progressing to doing the same on templates provided for easier representation of the data. These activities are followed by interpreting pictorial graphs and then graphs with shading for data points. Finally, students apply the above identified skills and compare the data. When students finish this module, they will have had many experiences that contribute to understanding graphs.
Module 4: Defining 2-D Shapes
This module begins with a brief introduction of lines (parallel, intersecting, and perpendicular). The defining attributes of 2-D shapes are then presented, including the numbers of edges and the number of corners. Different sizes and orientations are incorporated on the pages throughout the module to distinguish between defining and non-defining attributes. The shapes that are used include circles, triangles, squares, rhombuses, rectangles, trapezoids, and hexagons. The activities progress to composing 2-D shapes by cutting and pasting parts of the shape to build the shape and conclude by using the composite shapes of various sizes and orientations to build new shapes.
Module 5: Defining 3-D Shapes
The activities here mirror those used in Module 4. The numbers of faces, edges, and corners are identified as the defining attributes of 3-D shapes. Distinguishing between defining and non-defining attributes is presented, with shapes including cones, cylinders, cubes, and 3-D rectangles (right rectangular prisms). FlipCards Defining Geometric Shapes 2-D and 3-D provide additional practice and extend the learning. Interactive classroom activities have students cut, paste, and compose shapes for additional practice.
Module 6: Fractions in Geometric Shapes
Circles and rectangles are used for the scaffolded activities in this module. Emphasizing same-size parts, the activities begin with tracing the fractions and coloring the corresponding numbers of parts, and cutting and pasting the parts into a whole. The presentation progresses from writing the fractions for the shaded parts, to using one part of a new shape that is labeled and shaded, and finally to naming and shading all fractional parts. Halves, fourths, thirds, and fifths are taught as students develop critical concepts of more parts correlating to smaller parts. FlipCards Fractions in Geometric Shapes reinforce and extend the learning of the basic concepts. When students finish this module, they will have had many experiences partitioning rectangles and circles into equal shares and describing the shares.